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General Information:


Outside of Earth's protective magnetosphere the radiation environment is incredibly harsh. Preventing the negative effects of this radiation environment on human and plant life will be a requirement in order to survive.

Roadblock Type

Scientific, Technical

Priority (1-5)


% Mitigated

Solution Categories:


Looper, M. D., J. E. Mazur, J. B. Blake, H. E. Spence, N. A. Schwadron, M. J. Golightly, A. W. Case, J. C. Kasper, and L. W. Townsend (2013), The radiation environment near the lunar surface: CRaTER observations and Geant4 simulations, Space Weather, 11, 142–152, doi:10.1002/swe.20034.